SCI和EI收录∣中国化工学会会刊

›› 2008, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (4): 517-527.

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Development of Surfactants and Builders in Detergent Formulations

于养信1, 赵瑾2, Andrew E. Bayly3   

  1. 1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
    2. P&G Technology (Beijing) Co., Ltd., Beijing 100085, China;
    3. P&G Technical Centres Ltd, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE12 9TS, UK
  • 收稿日期:2007-09-03 修回日期:2008-01-07 出版日期:2008-08-28 发布日期:2008-08-28
  • 通讯作者: YU Yangxin, E-mail: yangxyu@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn E-mail:yangxyu@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

Development of Surfactants and Builders in Detergent Formulations

YU Yangxin1, ZHAO Jin2, Andrew E. Bayly3   

  1. 1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
    2. P&G Technology (Beijing) Co., Ltd., Beijing 100085, China;
    3. P&G Technical Centres Ltd, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE12 9TS, UK
  • Received:2007-09-03 Revised:2008-01-07 Online:2008-08-28 Published:2008-08-28

摘要: Surfactants and builders are the two most important ingredients in laundry, household and personal-care cleaning products. They play a key role in washing processes. The development of various surfactants (e.g., anionic, nonionic, cationic, zwitterionic, and silicone surfactants) and builders (inorganic, organic and polymeric builders) used in the detergent compositions are reviewed and their detergency performance and biodegradability are discussed. In the future, the development of the surfactants and builders used in detergent compositions should be based on economic and environmental considerations. The use of the eco-friendly surfactants and builders derived from inexpensive renewable resources (e.g., alkyl polyglucosides and bio-based polyesters) in detergent compositions is the developing trends in detergent industry.

关键词: detergent, surfactant, builder, detergency performance, biodegradability

Abstract: Surfactants and builders are the two most important ingredients in laundry, household and personal-care cleaning products. They play a key role in washing processes. The development of various surfactants (e.g., anionic, nonionic, cationic, zwitterionic, and silicone surfactants) and builders (inorganic, organic and polymeric builders) used in the detergent compositions are reviewed and their detergency performance and biodegradability are discussed. In the future, the development of the surfactants and builders used in detergent compositions should be based on economic and environmental considerations. The use of the eco-friendly surfactants and builders derived from inexpensive renewable resources (e.g., alkyl polyglucosides and bio-based polyesters) in detergent compositions is the developing trends in detergent industry.

Key words: detergent, surfactant, builder, detergency performance, biodegradability