Chin.J.Chem.Eng. ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (5): 1160-1170.doi: 10.1016/j.cjche.2017.10.019

• Energy, Resources and Environmental Technology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Thermodynamic behaviors of Cu in interaction with chlorine, sulfur, phosphorus and minerals during sewage sludge co-incineration

Jingyong Liu1, Chao Liu1, Guang Sun1, Wuming Xie1, Xiao'e Dang2, Jiahong Kuo1, Kenlin Chang1,3, Jian Sun1, Shuiyu Sun1, Musa Buyukada4, Fatih Evrendilek4   

  1. 1 School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Institute of Environmental Health and Pollution Control, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China;
    2 Shaanxi Key Laboratory for Gold and Resources, School of Metallurgical Engineering, Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi'an 710055, China;
    3 Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 80424, China;
    4 Department of Environmental Engineering, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu 14052, Turkey
  • Received:2017-09-05 Revised:2017-10-04 Online:2018-05-28 Published:2018-06-29
  • Contact: Jingyong Liu,E-mail,,
  • Supported by:

    Supported by the Science and Technology Planning Project of Guangdong Province, China (2017A050501036; 2015B020235013; 2015A020215033; 2017B090907012), the Scientific and Technological Planning Project of Guangzhou, China (2016201604030058; 201704030109), and Guangdong Special Support Program for Training High Level Talents (2014TQ01Z248).

Abstract: Thermodynamic equilibrium calculations were performed to reveal effects of interactions among Cl, S, P and other minerals on Cu migration. Our results showed that HCl(g), SO2(g) and (P2O5)2(g) were released from the sewage sludge co-incineration. Cl was found to weaken adsorption of Cu by Al2O3, CaO and Fe2O3, while S delayed reactions of Fe2O3 and Al2O3 with Cu, with P having no effect on reactions between the minerals and Cu. Among the coupled systems of Cl, S and P, the co-existences of Cl and S, and Cl, S and P were determined to inhibit Cu volatilization, and the co-existence of Cl and P had an enhancing effect. Cu migration was affected only by S in the S and P system. With the SiO2, CaO and Al2O3 system, both Cl alone and Cl and P led to failed reactions between the minerals and Cu. In the systems of S, S and Cl, S and P, and S, Cl and P, the migration behavior of Cu was mainly affected by S at low temperatures and by Cl at high temperatures, whereas P had no effect on Cu migration during the entire process.

Key words: Sewage sludge, Incineration, Cupper, Thermodynamic equilibrium analysis