Chin.J.Chem.Eng. ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (6): 1412-1422.doi: 10.1016/j.cjche.2017.12.011

• General reactor • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Modeling of segregation in magnetized fluidized bed with binary mixture of Geldart-B magnetizable and nonmagnetizable particles

Quanhong Zhu1,2, Hongzhong Li1, Qingshan Zhu1,3, Qingshan Huang1,2   

  1. 1 Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
    2 Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266101, China;
    3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-08-30 Revised:2017-12-28 Online:2018-06-28 Published:2018-08-03
  • Contact: Hongzhong Li,E-mail;Qingshan Zhu,E-mail;
  • Supported by:

    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21325628), the Major Research Plan of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (91334108), and the Scientific Instrument Developing Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (YZ201641).

Abstract: For the magnetized fluidized bed (MFB) with the binary mixture of Geldart-B magnetizable and nonmagnetizable particles, the magnetically induced segregation between these two kinds of particles occurs at high magnetic field intensities (H), leading to the deterioration of the fluidization quality. The critical intensity (Hms) above which such segregation commences varies with the gas velocity (Ug). This work focuses on establishing a segregation model to theoretically derive the Hms-Ug relationship. In a magnetic field, the magnetizable particles form agglomerates. The magnetically induced segregation in essence refers to the size segregation of the binary mixture of agglomerates and nonmagnetizable particles. Consequently, the segregation model was established in two steps:first, the size of agglomerates (dA) was calculated by the force balance model; then, the Hms-Ug relationship was obtained by substituting the expression of dA into the basic size segregation model for binary mixtures. As per the force balance model, the cohesive and collision forces were 1-2 orders of magnitude greater than the other forces exerted on the agglomerates. Therefore, the balance between these two forces largely determined dA. The calculated dA increased with increasing H and decreasing Ug, agreeing qualitatively with the experimental observation. The calculated Hms-Ug relationship agreed reasonably with the experimental data, indicating that the present segregation model could predict well the segregation behavior in the MFB with the binary mixture.

Key words: Magnetized fluidized bed, Binary mixture, Segregation, Model, Agglomerate, Force balance