Xiaosa Xu1, Yuqian Qiu1, Jianping Wu1, Baichuan Ding1, Qianhui Liu1, Guangshen Jiang1, Qiongqiong Lu2, Jiangan Wang1, Fei Xu1, Hongqiang Wang1
|  W.J. Zhang, W.C. Shen, Y.Q. Weng, R.T. Lv, F.Y. Kang, Z.H. Huang, Steam selective etching:a strategy to effectively enhance the flexibility and suppress the volume change of carbonized paper-supported electrodes, ACS Nano 13(2019) 5731-5741.
 M. Inagaki, Y. Yang, F.Y. Kang, Carbon nanofibers prepared via electrospinning, Adv. Mater. 24(2012) 2547-2566.
 Y.R. Liang, W.C. Zhang, D.C. Wu, Q.Q. Ni, M.Q. Zhang, Interface engineering of carbon-based nanocomposites for advanced electrochemical energy storage, Adv. Mater. Interfaces 5(2018) 1800430.
 X.Y. Zheng, J.Y. Luo, W. Lv, D.W. Wang, Q.H. Yang, Two-dimensional porous carbon:synthesis and ion-transport properties, Adv. Mater. 27(2015) 5388-5395.
 C. Zhang, W. Lv, Y. Tao, Q.H. Yang, Towards superior volumetric performance:design and preparation of novel carbon materials for energy storage, Energy Environ. Sci. 8(2015) 1390-1403.
 N.Z. Shang, S.T. Gao, X.Y. Zhang, S.H. Zhang, C. Feng, Z. Wang, C. Wang, N, P dual-doped hierarchically porous carbon derived from a polyelectrolyte complex as high-performance electrodes for supercapacitors, Energy Technol. 7(2019) 1800641.
 C. Luo, S.Z. Niu, G.M. Zhou, W. Lv, B.H. Li, F.Y. Kang, Q.H. Yang, Dual-functional hard template directed one-step formation of a hierarchical porous carboncarbon nanotube hybrid for lithium-sulfur batteries, Chem. Commun. 52(2016) 12143-12146.
 L.B. Dong, C.J. Xu, Y. Li, Z.H. Huang, F.Y. Kang, Q.H. Yang, X. Zhao, Flexible electrodes and supercapacitors for wearable energy storage:A review by category, J. Mater. Chem. A 4(2016) 4659-4685.
 M.C. Wu, C.L. Li, R. Liu, Freestanding 1D hierarchical porous Fe-N-doped carbon nanofibers as efficient oxygen reduction catalysts for Zn-Air batteries, Energy Technol. 7(2019) 1800790.
 L.B. Dong, G.M. Liang, C.J. Xu, W.B. Liu, Z.Z. Pan, E.L. Zhou, F.Y. Kang, Q.H. Yang, Multi hierarchical construction-induced superior capacitive performances of flexible electrodes for wearable energy storage, Nano Energy 34(2017) 242-248.
 F. Xu, Z.W. Tang, S.Q. Huang, L.Y. Chen, Y.R. Liang, W.C. Mai, H. Zhong, R.W. Fu, D.C. Wu, Facile synthesis of ultrahigh-surface-area hollow carbon nanospheres for enhanced adsorption and energy storage, Nat. Commun. 6(2015) 7221.
 F. Xu, J. Xu, H.J. Xu, Y.H. Lu, H.Y. Yang, Z.W. Tang, Z.T. Lu, R.W. Fu, D.C. Wu, Fabrication of novel powdery carbon aerogels with high surface areas for superior energy storage, Energy Storage Mater. 7(2017) 8-16.
 J. Liu, N.P. Wickramaratne, S.Z. Qiao, M. Jaroniec, Molecular-based design and emerging applications of nanoporous carbon spheres, Nat. Mater. 14(2015) 763-774.
 F. Xu, Y.X. Zhai, E. Zhang, Q.H. Liu, G.S. Jiang, X.S. Xu, Y.Q. Qiu, X.M. Liu, H.Q. Wang, S. Kaskel, Ultrastable surface-dominated pseudocapacitive potassium storage enabled by edge-enriched N-doped porous carbon nanosheets, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 59(44) (2020) 19460-19467.
 F. Xu, Y.Q. Qiu, H.J. Han, G.S. Jiang, R.X. Zhao, E. Zhang, H.J. Li, H.Q. Wang, S. Kaskel, Manipulation of carbon framework from the microporous to nonporous via a mechanical-assisted treatment for structure-oriented energy storage, Carbon 159(2020) 140-148.
 F. Xu, B.C. Ding, Y.Q. Qiu, J.P. Wu, Z.R.Z. Cheng, G.S. Jiang, H.J. Li, X.R. Liu, B.Q. Wei, H.Q. Wang, Hollow carbon nanospheres with developed porous structure and retained N doping for facilitated electrochemical energy storage, Langmuir 35(2019) 12889-12897.
 X.Q. Yang, G.Q. Zhang, M.L. Zhong, D.C. Wu, R.W. Fu, Ammonia-assisted semicarbonization:a simple method to introduce micropores without damaging a 3D mesoporous carbon nanonetwork structure, Langmuir 30(2014) 9183-9189.
 Y. Liu, N. Zhang, L. Jiao, J. Chen, Tin nanodots encapsulated in porous nitrogendoped carbon nanofibers as a free-standing anode for advanced sodium-ion batteries, Adv. Mater. 27(2015) 6702-6707.
 J.B. Wu, X. Gao, H.M. Yu, T.P. Ding, Y.X. Yan, B. Yao, X. Yao, D.C. Chen, M.L. Liu, L. Huang, A scalable free-standing V2O5/CNT film electrode for supercapacitors with a wide operation voltage (1.6 V) in an aqueous electrolyte, Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(2016) 6114-6120.
 F.W. Liu, S.J. Luo, D. Liu, W. Chen, Y. Huang, L. Dong, L. Wang, Facile processing of free-standing polyaniline/SWCNT film as an integrated electrode for flexible supercapacitor application, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(2017) 33791-33801.
 D. Ni, W. Sun, Z.H. Wang, Y. Bai, H.S. Lei, X.H. Lai, K.N. Sun, Heteroatom-doped mesoporous hollow carbon spheres for fast sodium storage with an ultralong cycle life, Adv. Energy Mater. 9(2019) 1900036.
 W.C. Zhang, C.W. Lan, X.H. Xie, Q.Y. Cao, M.T. Zheng, H.W. Dong, H. Hu, Y. Xiao, Y.L. Liu, Y.R. Liang, Facile construction of hollow carbon nanosphereinterconnected network for advanced sodium-ion battery anode, J. Colloid Interf. Sci. 546(2019) 53-59.
 F. Xu, Y.Q. Qiu, G.S. Jiang, B.C. Ding, J.Y. Li, Q.H. Liu, J.P. Wu, X.S. Xu, H.Q. Wang, Y.R. Liang, Unraveling the correlation between structures of carbon nanospheres derived from polymeric spheres and their electrochemical performance to achieve high-rate supercapacitors, Macromol. Rapid Comm. 40(17) (2019) 1800770.
 F. Xu, H.J. Han, B.C. Ding, Y.Q. Qiu, E. Zhang, H.J. Li, S. Kaskel, Engineering pore ratio in hierarchical porous carbons towards high-rate and large-volumetric performances, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 282(2019) 205-210.
 L. Qie, W.M. Chen, Z.H. Wang, Q.G. Shao, X. Li, L.X. Yuan, X.L. Hu, W.X. Zhang, Y. H. Huang, Nitrogen-doped porous carbon nanofiber webs as anodes for lithium ion batteries with a superhigh capacity and rate capability, Adv. Mater. 24(2012) 2047-2050.
 H. Liu, L.Y. Chen, Y.R. Liang, R.W. Fu, D.C. Wu, Multi-dimensional construction of a novel active yolk@conductive shell nanofiber web as a self-standing anode for high-performance lithium-ion batteries, Nanoscale 7(2015) 19930-19934.
 W.H. Choi, M.J. Choi, J.H. Bang, Nitrogen-doped carbon nanocoil array integrated on carbon nanofiber paper for supercapacitor electrodes, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(2015) 19370-19381.
 G.C. Ye, X.Y. Zhu, S. Chen, D.H. Li, Y.F. Yin, Y. Lu, S. Komarneni, D.J. Yang, Nanoscale engineering of nitrogen-doped carbon nanofiber aerogels for enhanced lithium ion storage, J. Mater. Chem. A 5(2017) 8247-8254.
 Y. Liu, J.Y. Zhou, L.L. Chen, P. Zhang, W.B. Fu, H. Zhao, Y.F. Ma, X.J. Pan, Z.X. Zhang, W.H. Han, E.Q. Xie, Highly flexible freestanding porous carbon nanofibers for electrodes materials of high-performance all-carbon supercapacitors, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(2015) 23515-23520.
 H.J. Liu, J. Wang, C.X. Wang, Y.Y. Xia, Ordered hierarchical msoporous/microporous carbon derived from mesoporous titanium-carbide/carbon composites and its electrochemical performance in supercapacitor, Adv. Energy Mater. 1(2011) 1101-1108.
 W.X. Yang, J.H. Zhou, S. Wang, W.Y. Zhang, Z.C. Wang, F. Lv, K. Wang, Q. Sun, S. J. Guo, Freestanding film made by necklace-like N-doped hollow carbon with hierarchical pores for high-performance potassium-ion storage, Energy Environ. Sci. 12(2019) 1605-1612.
 F. Xu, D.C. Wu, R.W. Fu, B.Q. Wei, Design and preparation of porous carbons from conjugated polymer precursors, Mater. Today 20(2017) 629-656.
 Q. Liu, Y.B. Wang, L.M. Dai, J.N. Yao, Scalable fabrication of nanoporous carbon fiber films as bifunctional catalytic electrodes for flexible Zn-Air batteries, Adv. Mater. 28(2016) 3000-3006.
 D.H. Li, C.X. Lv, L. Liu, Y.Z. Xia, X.L. She, S.J. Guo, D.J. Yang, Egg-box structure in cobalt alginate:a new approach to multifunctional hierarchical mesoporous N-doped carbon nanofibers for efficient catalysis and energy storage, ACS Cent. Sci. 1(2015) 261-269.
 S.X. Wang, L.P. Yang, L.P. Stubbs, X. Li, C.B. He, Lignin-derived fused electrospun carbon fibrous mats as high performance anode materials for lithium ion batteries, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(2013) 12275-12282.
 X.M. Yang, Z.X. Zhu, T.Y. Dai, Y. Lu, Facile fabrication of functional polypyrrole nanotubes via a reactive self-degraded template, Macromol. Rapid Comm. 26(2005) 1736-1740.
 S.M. Shang, X.M. Yang, X.M. Tao, Easy synthesis of carbon nanotubes with polypyrrole nanotubes as the carbon precursor, Polymer 50(2009) 2815-2818.
 J.L. Wu, F. Xu, S.M. Li, P.W. Ma, X.C. Zhang, Q.H. Liu, R.W. Fu, D.C. Wu, Porous polymers as multifunctional material platforms toward task-specific applications, Adv. Mater. 31(2019) 1802922.
 M. Wei, T.Y. Dai, Y. Lu, Controlled fabrication of nanostructured polypyrrole on ion association template:Tubes, rods and networks, Synthetic Met. 160(2010) 849-854.
 F. Xu, R.J. Cai, Q.C. Zeng, C. Zou, D.C. Wu, F. Li, X.E. Lu, Y.R. Liang, R.W. Fu, Fast ion transport and high capacitance of polystyrene-based hierarchical porous carbon electrode material for supercapacitors, J. Mater. Chem. 21(2011) 1970-1976.
 H.W. Liang, Z.Y. Wu, L.F. Chen, C. Li, S.H. Yu, Bacterial cellulose derived nitrogen-doped carbon nanofiber aerogel:An efficient metal-free oxygen reduction electrocatalyst for zinc-air battery, Nano Energy 11(2015) 366-376.
 C.L. Mangun, K.R. Benak, J. Economy, K.L. Foster, Surface chemistry, pore sizes and adsorption properties of activated carbon fibers and precursors treated with ammonia, Carbon 39(2001) 1809-1820.
 H.W. Liang, X.D. Zhuang, S. Bruller, X.L. Feng, K. Mullen, Hierarchically porous carbons with optimized nitrogen doping as highly active electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction, Nat. Commun. 5(2014) 4973.
 D.S. Geng, C. Ying, Y.G. Chen, Y.L. Li, R.Y. Li, X.L. Sun, S.Y. Ye, S. Knights, High oxygen-reduction activity and durability of nitrogen-doped graphene, Energy Environ. Sci. 4(2011) 760-764.
 Y.Q. Ding, B.J. Yang, J.T. Chen, L. Zhang, J.S. Li, Y.L. Li, X.B. Yan, Nanotube-like hard carbon as high-performance anode material for sodium ion hybrid capacitors, Sci. China Mater. 61(2018) 285-295.
 Z.Y. Zhu, F. Liang, Z.R. Zhou, X.Y. Zeng, D. Wang, P. Dong, J.B. Zhao, S.G. Sun, Y.J. Zhang, X. Li, Expanded biomass-derived hard carbon with ultrastable performance in sodium-ion batteries, J. Mater. Chem. A 6(2018) 1513-1522.
 J.F. Cui, Y.L. Xi, S. Chen, D.H. Li, X.L. She, J. Sun, W. Han, D.J. Yang, S.J. Guo, Prolifera-green-tide as sustainable source for carbonaceous aerogels with hierarchical pore to achieve multiple energy storage, Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(2016) 8487-8495.
 D. Nan, Z.H. Huang, R.T. Lv, L. Yang, J.G. Wang, W.C. Shen, Y.X. Lin, X.L. Yu, L. Ye, H.Y. Sun, F.Y. Kang, Nitrogen-enriched electrospun porous carbon nanofiber networks as high-performance free-standing electrode materials, J. Mater. Chem. A 2(2014) 19678-19684.
 X.S. Xu, Y.X. Xu, F. Xu, G.S. Jiang, J. Jian, H.W. Yu, E.M. Zhang, D. Shchukin, S. Kaskel, H.Q. Wang, Black BiVO4:Size tailored synthesis, rich oxygen vacancies, and sodium storage performance, J. Mater. Chem. A 8(2020) 1636-1645.
 G.S. Jiang, H. Han, W.Q. Zhuang, X.S. Xu, S. Kaskel, F. Xu, H.Q. Wang, Threedimensional ordered mesoporous cobalt nitride for fast-kinetics and stablecycling lithium storage, J. Mater. Chem. A 7(2019) 17561-17569.
|||Yu Shi, Liang Zhang, Jun Li, Qian Fu, Xun Zhu, Qiang Liao, Yongsheng Zhang. Effect of operating parameters on the performance of thermally regenerative ammonia-based battery for low-temperature waste heat recovery [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2021, 32(4): 335-340.|
|||Trung Thanh Nguyen, Vu Anh Khoa Tran, Le Ba Tran, Phuoc Toan Phan, Minh Tan Nguyen, Long Giang Bach, Surapol Padungthon, Cong Khiem Ta, Nhat Huy Nguyen. Synthesis of cation exchange resin-supported iron and magnesium oxides/hydroxides composite for nitrate removal in water [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2021, 32(4): 378-384.|
|||Suransh Jain, Arvind Kumar Mungray. Comparative study of different hydro-dynamic flow in microbial fuel cell stacks [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2021, 32(4): 423-430.|
|||M. Ijaz Khan, Seifedine Kadry, Yuming Chu, M. Waqas. Modeling and numerical analysis of nanoliquid (titanium oxide, graphene oxide) flow viscous fluid with second order velocity slip and entropy generation [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2021, 29(3): 17-25.|
|||Kai Ge, Yuanhui Ji, Xiaohua Lu. A novel interfacial thermodynamic model for predicting solubility of nanoparticles coated by stabilizers [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2021, 29(3): 103-112.|
|||Kok Bing Tan, Daohua Sun, Jiale Huang, Tareque Odoom-Wubah, Qingbiao Li. State of arts on the bio-synthesis of noble metal nanoparticles and their biological application [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2021, 29(2): 272-290.|
|||Zhen Chen, Zhongliang Ma, Jie Zheng, Xingguo Li, Etsuo Akiba, Hai-Wen Li. Perspectives and challenges of hydrogen storage in solid-state hydrides [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2021, 29(1): 1-12.|
|||Xuewen Cao, Chenyang Fu, Zhenqiang Xie, Chao Wu, Xiaoyang Sun. Simulation and experimental study on the surface morphology and energy lost of the target material under non-overlapping impact of angular particles [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2021, 29(1): 47-56.|
|||Hui Huang, Lulu Lei, Juan Bai, Ling Zhang, Donghui Song, Jingqi Zhao, Jiali Li, Yongxin Li. Efficient elimination and detection of phenolic compounds in juice using laccase mimicking nanozymes [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2021, 29(1): 167-175.|
|||Fangjie Lu, Dong Xu, Yusheng Lu, Bin Dai, Mingyuan Zhu. High nitrogen carbon material with rich defects as a highly efficient metal-free catalyst for excellent catalytic performance of acetylene hydrochlorination [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2021, 29(1): 196-203.|
|||Xinyu Wang, Xinghua Qin, Qiongqiong Lu, Mingming Han, Ahmad Omar, Daria Mikhailova. Mixed phase sodium manganese oxide as cathode for enhanced aqueous zinc-ion storage [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2020, 28(8): 2214-2220.|
|||Oris Chansa, Zhongyang Luo, Chunjiang Yu. Study of the kinetic behaviour of biomass and coal during oxyfuel co-combustion [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2020, 28(7): 1796-1804.|
|||Ali Reza Hormozi Jangi, Mohammad Reza Hormozi Jangi, Saeed Reza Hormozi Jangi. Detection mechanism and classification of design principles of peroxidase mimic based colorimetric sensors: A brief overview [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2020, 28(6): 1492-1503.|
|||Ammar Ali Abd, Samah Zaki Naji, Ahmed Barifcani. Comprehensive evaluation and sensitivity analysis of regeneration energy for acid gas removal plant using single and activated-methyl diethanolamine solvents [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2020, 28(6): 1684-1693.|
|||Hengjun Gai, Shuo Chen, Kaiqiang Lin, Xiaowei Zhang, Chun Wang, Meng Xiao, Tingting Huang, Hongbing Song. Conceptual design of energy-saving stripping process for industrial sour water [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2020, 28(5): 1277-1284.|