Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering ›› 2021, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (4): 212-223.doi: 10.1016/j.cjche.2020.09.064

• Catalysis, Kinetics and Reaction Engineering • Previous Articles     Next Articles

2-Hydroxy-1, 4-napthoquinone solubilization, thermodynamics and adsorption kinetics with surfactant

Zoya Zaheer, Ekram Yousif Danish, Samia A. Kosa   

  1. Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, P. O. Box 80203, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
  • Received:2020-03-03 Revised:2020-08-12 Online:2021-04-28 Published:2021-06-19
  • Contact: Zoya Zaheer
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by the Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, grant No. (G:255-247-1440). The authors, therefore, gratefully acknowledge the DSR technical and financial support.

Abstract: 2-Hydroxy-1, 4-napthoquinone (lawsone) natural red-orange dye was extracted from fresh henna (Lawsonia inermis) leaves in an alkaline media. The lawsone-surfactant solubilization constants (KLS) were calculated for the first time by using cationic cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and anionic sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS). The standard free energy, concentration of solubilized lawsone and number of lawsone molecules solubilized into micelles were calculated and discussed. Surface excess, minimum surface area per molecule, surface pressure, free energy (adsorption and aggregation) and equilibrium constants of different states were determined from tensiometry. Different metal ions (Ag+, Co2+, Cu2+, Ni2+, Fe3+, Zn2+ and Al3+) were used to determine the complex forming ability with lawsone. Out of these, Ag+ ions have strong binding capacity with lawsone. The adsorption of lawsone on the surface of glass with silver ions in presence of CTAB was also observed at pH ≥ 9.0. The pseudo-first, secondorder kinetic equation, intraparticles diffusion and Elovich models were used to determine the kinetics of lawsone adsorption onto the surface of glass and a probable mechanism has been discussed. Lawsone adsorption followed second-order kinetic equation (k2=0.019 g·mg-1·min-1).

Key words: Adsorption, Aggregation, Lawsone, Surfactant, Solubilization, Kinetics