Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (9): 2368-2381.doi: 10.1016/j.cjche.2020.06.030

• Process Systems Engineering and Process Safety • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Dynamic analysis and split range control for maximization of operating range of continuous microbial fuel cell

Ashish Yewale, Ravi Methekar, Shailesh Agrawal   

  1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, South Ambazari Road, Nagpur 440010, India
  • Received:2019-09-03 Revised:2020-06-12 Online:2020-09-28 Published:2020-10-21
  • Contact: Ravi Methekar

Abstract: Human development is inherently connected with availability of water and energy. Energy production requires water, whereas water treatment needs energy. On the other hand, microbial fuel cell has capability to produce energy and water simultaneously from waste water or organic matter. In this paper, first principle-based model of variable volume microbial fuel cell is simulated. Hydraulic retention time is selected as the manipulated variable using the study of steady state and dynamic responses. Classical PI and model predictive control strategies are developed for controlling the produced power from the cell, and its performance is tested for servo problem. Settling time for positive and negative set points is found to be 126 and 889 h in case of classical PI and 120 and 750 h in case of linear MPC, respectively along with large increase (three times order of magnitude) in working volume for negative set point. These control challenges are overcome by using split range controller with variable and constant volume microbial fuel cells. The settling time for negative set point is found to be 49 and 21 h for classical PI and linear MPC schemes, respectively, which is significantly lower than using only variable volume microbial fuel cell. Also, there is no increase in the working volume of the constant volume microbial fuel cell. Hence, operating range of the microbial fuel cell is enhanced using split range controller.

Key words: CMFC, Modeling, Variable Volume, Split Range Controller