Ali H. Jawad1, Ahmed Saud Abdulhameed2, Lee D. Wilson3, Syed Shatir A. Syed-Hassan4, Zeid A. ALOthman5, Mohammad Rizwan Khan5
|  B. Zhao, X. Sun, L. Wang, L. Zhao, Z. Zhang, J. Li, Adsorption of methyl orange from aqueous solution by composite magnetic microspheres of chitosan and quaternary ammonium chitosan derivative, Chin. J. Chem. Eng. 27(2019) 1973-1980.
 A.H. Jawad, A.S. Abdulhameed, Mesoporous Iraqi red kaolin clay as an efficient adsorbent for methylene blue dye:Adsorption kinetic, isotherm and mechanism study, Surf. Interfac. 18(2020) 100422.
 P.V. Gayathri, S. Yesodharan, E.P. Yesodharan, Microwave/Persulphate assisted ZnO mediated photocatalysis (MW/PS/UV/ZnO) as an efficient advanced oxidation process for the removal of RhB dye pollutant from water, J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 7(4) (2019) 103122.
 M.R. Islam, M. Rahman, S.F.U. Farhad, J. Podder, Structural, optical and photocatalysis properties of sol-gel deposited Al-doped ZnO thin films, Surf. Interfac. 16(2019) 120-126.
 M.M. Hassan, C.M. Carr, A critical review on recent advancements of the removal of reactive dyes from dyehouse effluent by ion-exchange adsorbents, Chemosphere 209(2018) 201-219.
 S. Das, S. Mishra, Insight into the isotherm modelling, kinetic and thermodynamic exploration of iron adsorption from aqueous media by activated carbon developed from Limonia acidissima shell, Mater. Chem. Phys. 245(2020) 122751.
 N.P. Shetti, S.J. Malode, R.S. Malladi, S.L. Nargund, S.S. Shukla, T.M. Aminabhavi, Electrochemical detection and degradation of textile dye Congo red at graphene oxide modified electrode, Microchem. J. 146(2019) 387-392.
 A.H. Jawad, A.S. Abdulhameed, R. Abdallah, Z.M. Yaseen, Zwitterion composite chitosan-epichlorohydrin/zeolite for adsorption of methylene blue and reactive red 120 dyes, Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 163(2020) 756-765.
 A.H. Jawad, N.S.A. Mubarak, A.S. Abdulhameed, Tunable Schiff's base-crosslinked chitosan composite for the removal of reactive red 120 dye:Adsorption and mechanism study, Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 142(2020) 732-741.
 J. Rashid, F. Tehreem, A. Rehman, R. Kumar, Synthesis using natural functionalization of activated carbon from pumpkin peels for decolourization of aqueous methylene blue, Sci. Total Environ. 671(2019) 369-376.
 J.M. Illingworth, B. Rand, P.T. Williams, Non-woven fabric activated carbon produced from fibrous waste biomass for sulphur dioxide control, Process Safe. Environ. Protect. 122(2019) 209-220.
 A. Nasrullah, B. Saad, A.H. Bhat, A.S. Khan, M. Danish, M.H. Isa, A. Naeem, Mangosteen peel waste as a sustainable precursor for high surface area mesoporous activated carbon:Characterization and application for methylene blue removal, J. Clean. Prod. 211(2019) 1190-1200.
 A. Supong, P.C. Bhomick, M. Baruah, C. Pongener, U.B. Sinha, D. Sinha, Adsorptive removal of Bisphenol A by biomass activated carbon and insights into the adsorption mechanism through density functional theory calculations, Sustain. Chem. Pharm. 13(2019) 100159.
 I. Enniya, L. Rghioui, A. Jourani, Adsorption of hexavalent chromium in aqueous solution on activated carbon prepared from apple peels, Sustain. Chem. Pharm. 7(2018) 9-16.
 A. Pandiarajan, R. Kamaraj, S. Vasudevan, S. Vasudevan, OPAC (orange peel activated carbon) derived from waste orange peel for the adsorption of chlorophenoxyacetic acid herbicides from water:adsorption isotherm, kinetic modelling and thermodynamic studies, Bioresour. Technol. 261(2018) 329-341.
 G.G. Huang, Y.F. Liu, X.X. Wu, J.J. Cai, Activated carbons prepared by the KOH activation of a hydrochar from garlic peel and their CO2 adsorption performance, New Carbon Mater. 34(3) (2019) 247-257.
 T.T. Van, B.T.P. Quynh, T.D. Nguyen, L.G. Bach, Response surface methodology approach for optimization of Cu2+, Ni2+ and Pb2+ adsorption using KOHactivated carbon from banana peel, Surf. Interfac. 6(2017) 209-217.
 Z. Wang, Y. Tan, Y. Yang, X. Zhao, Y. Liu, L. Niu, F. Ran, Pomelo peels-derived porous activated carbon microsheets dual-doped with nitrogen and phosphorus for high performance electrochemical capacitors, J. Power Sources. 378(2018) 499-510.
 A.A. Arie, H. Kristianto, E. Demir, R.D. Cakan, Activated porous carbons derived from the Indonesian snake fruit peel as anode materials for sodium ion batteries, Mater. Chem. Phys. 217(2018) 254-261.
 A.C. Arampatzidou, E.A. Deliyanni, Comparison of activation media and pyrolysis temperature for activated carbons development by pyrolysis of potato peels for effective adsorption of endocrine disruptor bisphenol-A, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 466(2016) 101-112.
 V.O. Njoku, K.Y. Foo, M. Asif, B.H. Hameed, Preparation of activated carbons from rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) peel by microwave-induced KOH activation for acid yellow 17 dye adsorption, Chem. Eng. J. 250(2014) 198-204.
 M.J.P. Brito, C.M. Veloso, L.S. Santos, R.C.F. Bonomo, R.D.C.I. Fontan, Adsorption of the textile dye Dianix® royal blue CC onto carbons obtained from yellow mombin fruit stones and activated with KOH and H3PO4:kinetics, adsorption equilibrium and thermodynamic studies, Powder Technol. 339(2018) 334-343.
 N.T. Abdel-Ghani, G.A. El-Chaghaby, M.H. ElGammal, E.S.A. Rawash, Optimizing the preparation conditions of activated carbons from olive cake using KOH activation, New Carbon Mater. 31(5) (2016) 492-500.
 W. Astuti, T. Sulistyaningsih, E. Kusumastuti, G.Y.R.S. Thomas, R.Y. Kusnadi, Thermal conversion of pineapple crown leaf waste to magnetized activated carbon for dye removal, Bioresour. Technol. 287(2019) 121426.
 R. Araga, S. Soni, C.S. Sharma, Fluoride adsorption from aqueous solution using activated carbon obtained from KOH-treated jamun (Syzygium cumini) seed, J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 5(6) (2017) 5608-5616.
 R.A. Rashid, A.H. Jawad, M.A.M. Ishak, N.N. Kasim, KOH-activated carbon developed from biomass waste:Adsorption equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies for methylene blue uptake, Desalin. Water Treat. 57(56) (2016) 27226-27236.
 Y. Zhang, X. Song, Y. Xu, H. Shen, X. Kong, H. Xu, Utilization of wheat bran for producing activated carbon with high specific surface area via NaOH activation using industrial furnace, J. Clean. Prod. 210(2019) 366-375.
 K. Chomiak, S. Gryglewicz, K. Kierzek, J. Machnikowski, Optimizing the properties of granular walnut-shell based KOH activated carbons for carbon dioxide adsorption, J. CO2 Util. 21(2017) 436-443.
 L. Spessato, K.C. Bedin, A.L. Cazetta, I.P. Souza, V.A. Duarte, L.H. Crespo, V.C. Almeida, KOH-super activated carbon from biomass waste:Insights into the paracetamol adsorption mechanism and thermal regeneration cycles, J. Hazard. Mater. 371(2019) 499-505.
 T.M. Darweesh, M.J. Ahmed, Batch and fixed bed adsorption of levofloxacin on granular activated carbon from date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) stones by KOH chemical activation, Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 50(2017) 159-166.
 M. Ghaedi, A. Ansari, P. Assefi Nejad, A. Ghaedi, A. Vafaei, M.H. Habibi, Artificial neural network and bees algorithm for removal of Eosin B using cobalt oxide nanoparticle-activated carbon:Isotherm and Kinetics study, Environ. Prog. Sustain. Energy. 34(1) (2015) 155-168.
 E.A. Dil, M. Ghaedi, G.R. Ghezelbash, A. Asfaram, A.M. Ghaedi, F. Mehrabi, Modeling and optimization of Hg2+ ion biosorption by live yeast Yarrowia lipolytica 70562 from aqueous solutions under artificial neural networkgenetic algorithm and response surface methodology:kinetic and equilibrium study, RSC Adv. 6(59) (2016) 54149-54161.
 A.M. Ghaedi, M. Ghaedi, P. Karami, Comparison of ultrasonic with stirrer performance for removal of sunset yellow (SY) by activated carbon prepared from wood of orange tree:Artificial neural network modeling, Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 138(2015) 789-799.
 A.M. Ghaedi, M. Panahimehr, A.R.S. Nejad, S.J. Hosseini, A. Vafaei, M.M. Baneshi, Factorial experimental design for the optimization of highly selective adsorption removal of lead and copper ions using metal organic framework MOF-2(Cd), J. Mol. Liq. 272(2018) 15-26.
 I.A. Mohammed, A.H. Jawad, A.S. Abdulhameed, M.S. Mastulia, Physicochemical modification of chitosan with fly ash and tripolyphosphate for removal of reactive red 120 dye:Statistical optimization and mechanism study, Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 161(2020) 503-513.
 A.H. Jawad, N.N.A. Malek, A.S. Abdulhameed, R. Razuan, Synthesis of magnetic chitosan-fly ash/Fe3O4 composite for adsorption of reactive orange 16 dye:Optimization by Box-Behnken Design, J. Polym. Environ. 28(3) (2020) 1068-1082.
 A.S. Abdulhameed, A.T. Mohammad, A.H. Jawad, Application of response surface methodology for enhanced synthesis of chitosan tripolyphosphate/TiO2 nanocomposite and adsorption of reactive orange 16 dye, J. Clean. Prod. 232(2019) 43-56.
 A.T. Mohammad, A.S. Abdulhameed, A.H. Jawad, Box-Behnken design to optimize the synthesis of new crosslinked chitosan-glyoxal/TiO2 nanocomposite:Methyl orange adsorption and mechanism studies, Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 129(2019) 98-109.
 A.H. Jawad, A.S. Abdulhameed, Facile synthesis of crosslinked chitosantripolyphosphate/kaolin clay composite for decolourization and COD reduction of remazol brilliant blue R dye:Optimization by using response surface methodology, Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 605(2020) 125329.
 A. Dalvand, R. Nabizadeh, M.R. Ganjali, M. Khoobi, S. Nazmara, A.H. Mahvi, Modeling of Reactive Blue 19 azo dye removal from colored textile wastewater using L-arginine-functionalized Fe3O4 nanoparticles:Optimization, reusability, kinetic and equilibrium studies, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 404(2016) 179-189.
 K.S. Sing, Reporting physisorption data for gas/solid systems with special reference to the determination of surface area and porosity (Recommendations 1984), Pure Appl. Chem. 57(4) (1985) 603-619.
 S. Li, K. Han, J. Li, M. Li, C. Lu, Preparation and characterization of super activated carbon produced from gulfweed by KOH activation, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 243(2017) 291-300.
 M.A. Ahmad, N.A.A. Puad, O.S. Bello, Kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies of synthetic dye removal using pomegranate peel activated carbon prepared by microwave-induced KOH activation, Water Resour. Ind. 6(2014) 18-35.
 M. Auta, B.H. Hameed, Preparation of waste tea activated carbon using potassium acetate as an activating agent for adsorption of Acid Blue 25 dye, Chem. Eng. J. 171(2) (2011) 502-509.
 A.S. Abdulhameed, A.H. Jawad, A.T. Mohammad, Synthesis of chitosanethylene glycol diglycidyl ether/TiO2 nanoparticles for adsorption of reactive orange 16 dye using a response surface methodology approach, Bioresour. Technol. 293(2019) 122071.
 N.N.A. Malek, A.H. Jawad, A.S. Abdulhameed, K. Ismail, B.H. Hameed, New magnetic Schiff's base-chitosan-glyoxal/fly ash/Fe3O4 biocomposite for the removal of anionic azo dye:An optimized process, Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 146(2020) 530-539.
 A.S. Abdulhameed, A.T. Mohammad, A.H. Jawad, Modeling and mechanism of reactive orange 16 dye adsorption by chitosan-glyoxal/TiO2 nanocomposite:Application of response surface methodology, Desalin. Water Treat. 164(2019) 346-360.
 S. Lagergren, Zur theorie der sogenannten adsorption geloster stoffe, Vet. Akad. Handl. 24(1898) 1-39.
 Y.S. Ho, G. McKay, Sorption of dye from aqueous solution by peat, Chem. Eng. J. 70(1998) 115-124.
 W.J. Weber, J.C. Morris, Kinetics of adsorption on carbon from solution, J. Sanit. Eng. Div. 89(1963) 31-60.
 P. Zhang, Y. Li, Y. Cao, L. Han, Characteristics of tetracycline adsorption by cow manure biochar prepared at different pyrolysis temperatures, Bioresour. Technol. 285(2019) 121348.
 I. Langmuir, The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 40(1918) 1361-1403.
 H.M.F. Frenudlich, Over the adsorption in solution, J. Phys. Chem. 57(1906) 385-471.
 M.I. Temkin, Kinetics of ammonia synthesis on promoted iron catalysts, Acta Physiochim. URSS. 12(1940) 327-356.
 A.H. Jawad, N.S.A. Mubarak, A.S. Abdulhameed, Hybrid crosslinked ChitosanEpichlorohydrin/TiO2 nanocomposite for reactive Red 120 dye adsorption:Kinetic, isotherm, thermodynamic, and mechanism study, J. Polym. Environ. 28(2020) 624-637.
 Z. Heidarinejad, O. Rahmanian, M. Fazlzadeh, M. Heidari, Enhancement of methylene blue adsorption onto activated carbon prepared from Date Press Cake by low frequency ultrasound, J. Mol. Liq. 264(2018) 591-599.
 M. Baysal, K. Bilge, B. Yılmaz, M. Papila, Y. Yürüm, Preparation of high surface area activated carbon from waste-biomass of sunflower piths:Kinetics and equilibrium studies on the dye removal, J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 6(2) (2018) 1702-1713.
 A.H. Jawad, K. Ismail, M.A.M. Ishak, L.D. Wilson, Conversion of Malaysian lowrank coal to mesoporous activated carbon:Structure characterization and adsorption properties, Chin. J. Chem. Eng. 27(7) (2019) 1716-1727.
 Y. Liu, Z. Huo, Z. Song, C. Zhang, D. Ren, H. Zhong, F. Jin, Preparing a magnetic activated carbon with expired beverage as carbon source and KOH as activator, J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng. 96(2019) 575-587.
 M.J. Ahmed, S.K. Theydan, Optimization of microwave preparation conditions for activated carbon from Albizia lebbeck seed pods for methylene blue dye adsorption, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol. 105(2014) 199-208.
 K.Y. Foo, B.H. Hameed, Utilization of rice husks as a feedstock for preparation of activated carbon by microwave induced KOH and K2CO3 activation, Bioresour. Technol. 102(20) (2011) 9814-9817.
 A.H. Jawad, A.S. Abdulhameed, Statistical modeling of methylene blue dye adsorption by high surface area mesoporous activated carbon from bamboo chip using KOH-assisted thermal activation, Energy Ecol. Environ. 5(2020) 456-469.
 M.A. Islam, S. Sabar, A. Benhouria, W.A. Khanday, M. Asif, B.H. Hameed, Nanoporous activated carbon prepared from karanj (Pongamia pinnata) fruit hulls for methylene blue adsorption, J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng. 74(2017) 96-104.
 M. Danish, T. Ahmad, R. Hashim, N. Said, M.N. Akhtar, J. Mohamad-Saleh, O. Sulaiman, Comparison of surface properties of wood biomass activated carbons and their application against rhodamine B and methylene blue dye, Surf. Interfac. 11(2018) 1-13.
 B. Hu, Y. Ai, J. Jin, T. Hayat, A. Alsaedi, L. Zhuang, X. Wang, Efficient elimination of organic and inorganic pollutants by biochar and biochar-based materials, Biochar 2(2020) 47-64.
 S.N. Surip, A.S. Abdulhameed, Z.N. Garba, S.S.A.S. Hassan, K. Ismail, A.H. Jawad, H2SO4-treated Malaysian low rank coal for methylene blue dye decolourization and COD reduction:Optimization of adsorption and mechanism study, Surfaces and Interfaces 21(2020) 100641.
|||Yaling Li, Hao Ai, Liangzhi Qiao, Yinghong Wang, Kaifeng Du. Fabrication and characterization of hierarchical porous Ni2+ doped hydroxyapatite microspheres and their enhanced protein adsorption capacity [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2022, 45(5): 238-247.|
|||Minxia Liu, Dang Wu, Dongling Qin, Gang Yang. Spray-drying assisted layer-structured H2TiO3 ion sieve synthesis and lithium adsorption performance [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2022, 45(5): 258-267.|
|||Tao Sun, Mingjun Pang, Yang Fei. Numerical study on hydrodynamic characteristics of spherical bubble contaminated by surfactants under higher Reynolds numbers [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2022, 45(5): 268-283.|
|||Jingsi Cui, Huanxi Xu, Yanfeng Ding, Jingjing Tian, Xu Zhang, Guanping Jin. Recovery of lithium using H4Mn3.5Ti1.5O12/reduced graphene oxide/polyacrylamide composite hydrogel from brine by Ads-ESIX process [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2022, 44(4): 20-28.|
|||Zhengguo Xu, Xiaochong Wang, Shuying Sun. Performance of a synthetic resin for lithium adsorption in waste liquid of extracting aluminum from fly-ash [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2022, 44(4): 115-123.|
|||Younki Cho, Ryan Lo, Keerthana Krishnan, Xiaolong Yin, Hossein Kazemi. Measuring absolute adsorption in porous rocks using oscillatory motions of a spring-mass system [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2022, 44(4): 131-139.|
|||Xinyu Chen, Shuo Shi, Ximei Han, Min Li, Ying Nian, Jing Sun, Wentao Zhang, Tianli Yue, Jianlong Wang. Insights into high-efficient removal of tetracycline by a codoped mesoporous carbon adsorbent [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2022, 44(4): 148-156.|
|||Feng Guo, Zhihao Chen, Xiliu Huang, Longwen Cao, Xiaofang Cheng, Weilong Shi, Lizhuang Chen. Ternary Ni2P/Bi2MoO6/g-C3N4 composite with Z-scheme electron transfer path for enhanced removal broad-spectrum antibiotics by the synergistic effect of adsorption and photocatalysis [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2022, 44(4): 157-168.|
|||Iman Farirzadeh, Majid Riahi Samani, Davood Toghraie. Lead removal from aqueous medium using fruit peels and polyaniline composites in aqueous and non-aqueous solvents in the presence of polyethylene glycol [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2022, 44(4): 253-259.|
|||Xiaocui Sun, Xue Liu, Guang-Rong Zhao. Separation of salidroside from the fermentation broth of engineered Escherichia coli using macroporous adsorbent resins [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2022, 44(4): 260-267.|
|||Kamel Hendaoui, Malika Trabelsi-Ayadi, Fadhila Ayari. Optimization of continuous electrocoagulation-adsorption combined process for the treatment of a textile effluent [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2022, 44(4): 310-320.|
|||Ding-Ming Xue, Wen-Juan Zhang, Xiao-Qin Liu, Shi-Chao Qi, Lin-Bing Sun. Fabrication of azobenzene-functionalized porous polymers for selective CO2 capture [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2022, 43(3): 24-30.|
|||Hojatollah Moradi, Hedayat Azizpour, Hossein Bahmanyar, Mohammad Emamian. Molecular dynamic simulation of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrogen adsorption on Faujasite zeolite [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2022, 43(3): 70-76.|
|||Lei Hu, Shunhui Tao, Junting Xian, Xiaodong Zhang, Yao Liu, Xiaojie Zheng, Xiaoqing Lin. Fabricating amide functional group modified hyper-cross-linked adsorption resin with enhanced adsorption and recognition performance for 5-hydroxymethylfurfural adsorption via simple one-step [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2022, 43(3): 230-239.|
|||Wanqiao Liang, Jihuan Huang, Penny Xiao, Ranjeet Singh, Jining Guo, Leila Dehdari, Gang Kevin Li. Amine-immobilized HY zeolite for CO2 capture from hot flue gas [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2022, 43(3): 335-342.|