Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 190-195.doi: 10.1016/j.cjche.2020.04.024

• Catalysis, Kinetics and Reaction Engineering • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Catalytic oxidation of low concentration formaldehyde over Pt/TiO2 catalyst

Yuan Su1,2, Keming Ji1, Jiayao Xun1, Kan Zhang1, Ping Liu1, Liang Zhao2   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan 030001, China;
    2 State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China
  • Received:2020-02-13 Revised:2020-04-12 Online:2021-01-28 Published:2021-04-02
  • Contact: Keming Ji, Ping Liu, Liang Zhao;;
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by the CAS (Chinese Academy of Sciences) Strategic Priority Research Program (XDA-21020500).

Abstract: Formaldehyde (HCHO) is an important indoor pollutant. Catalytic oxidize low concentration HCHO is an effective way to eliminate indoor pollution. In this study, a series of Pt/TiO2 catalysts are prepared by impregnation and reduced by NaBH4. The effects of loading amount of Pt and crystal type of TiO2 on the physical and chemical properties and the catalytic performance in HCHO oxidation reaction are investigated. The results show that the quantity of active site and the oxygen vacancy of catalysts increased with increasing Pt content, which is beneficial to promote the further performance of catalysts. Nevertheless, with the further rises of Pt content, the specific surface area further decreases, and the proportion of Pt2+ species on the catalyst surface which is significant to catalytic properties also decreases, causing catalytic performance decreases. Compared with the catalyst supporting on rutile, the Pt/a-TiO2 catalyst supporting on anatase has larger specific surface area, more Pt2+ phase and easier to form oxygen vacancy in the support, which cause better catalytic performance. The catalyst with Pt content of 0.1 wt% and supported by anatase TiO2 has the best catalytic performance. The HCHO conversion efficiency reaches 98% and 100% at 50 ℃ and 100 ℃, and the stabilization time is longer than 140 h.

Key words: Catalyst support, Catalysis, Fixed-bed, Pt/TiO2