Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering ›› 2021, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (4): 454-461.doi: 10.1016/j.cjche.2020.09.043

• Materials and Product Engineering • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles reinforced clay and their applications for removal of Pb (II) ions from aqueous media

Abdul Samad1, Muhammad Imran Din1, Mahmood Ahmed2, Saghir Ahmad1   

  1. 1 Institute of Chemistry, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan;
    2 Renacon Pharma Limited, Lahore 54600, Pakistan
  • Received:2020-02-10 Revised:2020-09-03 Online:2021-04-28 Published:2021-06-19
  • Contact: Mahmood Ahmed
  • Supported by:
    One of the authors is highly acknowledged of Higher Education Commission of Pakistan for the financial support in the form of indigenous PhD fellowship.

Abstract: The aim of the study was to synthesize zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) composite with clay by a novel route and then to explore the capability of composite of ZnONPs and silty clay (SC) as adsorbents for Pb (II) eradication from aqueous media by batch adsorption method. The effect of different operating factors like temperature, pH, dose and time of contact on the adsorption process were studied to optimize the conditions. Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) and Temkin isotherms were applied for the interpretation of the process. The R2 and q values obtained from Langmuir model suggested that the process is best interpreted by this model. The values of adsorption capacity (qm) noted were 12.43 mg·g-1 and 14.54 mg·g-1 on SC and ZnONPs-SC respectively. The kinetic studies exposed that pseudo second order (PSO) kinetics is followed by the processes suggesting that more than one steps are involved to control the rate of reactions. Various thermodynamic variables such as change in free energy (ΔGΘ), change in enthalpy (ΔHΘ) and change in entropy (ΔSΘ) were calculated. Thermodynamic data suggested that Pb (II) adsorption on SC and ZnONPs-SC are spontaneous, endothermic and feasible processes.

Key words: Adsorption, Isotherm, Kinetics, Silty clay, Thermodynamic