Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (3): 153-163.doi: 10.1016/j.cjche.2020.11.018

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A mini-review on the modeling of volatile organic compound adsorption in activated carbons: Equilibrium, dynamics, and heat effects

Shanshan Wang1,2, Liangliang Huang2, Yumeng Zhang1, Licheng Li3, Xiaohua Lu1   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Material-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 211816, China;
    2 School of Chemical, Biological and Materials Engineering, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, United States;
    3 College of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
  • Received:2020-09-14 Revised:2020-10-28 Online:2021-03-28 Published:2021-05-13
  • Contact: Shanshan Wang, Liangliang Huang;
  • Supported by:
    We acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (22008107, 21838004) and DTRA through the grant HDTRA11910008 of the USA.

Abstract: The research on the adsorption equilibria, kinetics, and increase in process temperature of the volatile organic compound (VOC) adsorption in porous materials ensures safe production, thereby reducing production costs and improving separation efficiency. Therefore, it is critical in predicting the entire adsorption process based on minimal or no experimental input of the adsorbate and adsorbent. We discuss, in this review, the factors that affect the adsorption performance of VOCs in activated carbons, including the adsorption equilibrium, adsorption kinetics, and exotherm during adsorption. Subsequently, the existing prediction models are summarized and compared concerning the adsorption equilibrium, adsorption kinetics, and exothermic process of adsorption. We then propose a new prediction model based on intermolecular interaction and provide an outlook toward the design and manipulation of efficient adsorbents for the VOC system.

Key words: Volatile organic compounds, Activated carbon, Adsorption equilibria, Adsorption kinetics, Adsorption exotherm